Nissan Patrol, Ford Maverick

1988-1997 of release

Repair and car operation



Nissan Patrol and Ford Maverik
+ Cars of the Nissan Patrol and Ford Maverick series
- Diagnostics of malfunctions
   Problem diagnostics at engine start in road conditions
   Diagnostics of the general mechanical engine failures
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of system of cooling
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of systems of heating and air conditioning
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of a power supply system
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of coupling
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of manual transmission
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of automatic transmission
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of the forward bridge
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of the back bridge
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of a steering
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of a forward suspension bracket
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of a back suspension bracket
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of brake system
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of systems of electric equipment of the engine
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of onboard electric equipment
   Diagnostics of a condition of tires and their protectors
+ Settings and routine maintenance
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating and air conditioning
+ the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of electric equipment of the engine
+ Transmission
+ Coupling
+ Brake system
+ Forward and back bridges, running gear and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment




Diagnostics of a condition of tires and their protectors

Regular check of a condition of tires can help to avoid the troubles caused by an unforeseen stop in a way, connected with wheel descent. Besides, the condition of tires can give valuable information on the possible problems connected with malfunctions of components of a suspension bracket and a steering how there will be a breakage.

Fabrichno established on cars of this brand of the tire are equipped semi-inch (about 13 mm) with control tapes of wear which become visible at a protector wipe to depth of 1.6 mm. Degree of wear of a protector also can be defined by means of the simple and inexpensive adaptation known under the name of the indicator of wear of a protector - ask in shops of automobile accessories.

Pay attention to any abnormal wear of protectors. Existence of irregular defects of a protector, such as cavities, from one of the parties, etc. tells uploshchenny sites, stronger wear about violation of balancing or adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels. At detection of such characteristic defects of a protector drive away the car in a shinomontazhny workshop for correction of violations.

Attentively look narrowly at existence on tires of cuts, the punctures which have got stuck in a pattern of a protector of nails and small stones. In certain cases the wheel after a puncture continues to keep pressure thanks to that the nail which has got stuck in the tire stops up with own body an opening. If the wheel starts to lower regularly slowly, first of all check a condition and serviceability of the gate of a rating (nipple). Further examine a protector on existence in it the nail which has got stuck in a puncture or other extraneous subject, and also the failed repair jams (radial tires often are under repair by installation in openings of special repair jams). If there is a suspicion on a wheel puncture, it can be checked easily by means of solution of soap water - after wetting of a surface of the tire by soap solution on a site of a puncture soap bubbles will start to arise. If defect is not too extensive, the wheel can be usually repaired in a shinomontazhny workshop.

Attentively examine internal walls of each tire on existence of traces of brake liquid on them. At detection of those immediately check a condition of brake lines and mechanisms.

The rating of tires with the correct pressure allows to prolong essentially term of their service, and also considerably to increase comfort during movement. Correctness of pressure of a rating of wheels cannot be authentically defined by eye, in particular so far as concerns radial tires. Here the special manometer is necessary. Try to keep constantly such in a ware box of the car. It is not necessary to trust indications of the manometers established on nozzles of hoses of pumping of wheels at filling stations.

Pressure in tires always check at cold wheels. It means that after the last using the car (at length of run more than 1,5 km) should pass not less than three hours. Pressure increase in hot tires on 0.27 - 0.5 atm. is the normal phenomenon.

Remove a protective cap from the gate of a rating acting from a disk/nave and densely press to it a manometer nozzle. Consider instrument reading and compare result of measurements to the data appearing on шильде, the driver's door fixed on a rack. Do not forget to screw on the gate a protective cap in order to avoid hit in a dirt and moisture nipple. Check pressure in all four wheels, in case of need make adjustment.

Do not forget to support also demanded pressure and in запаске (see these operation manuals on the car or the tires put on a lateral wall).

This card of typical forms of wear of a protector will help you to define a condition of tires of your car, allegedly to establish the reason (ы) wear and to choose measures for their elimination.

Condition

Possible reason

Actions on adjustment

Wear of edges

Insufficient pressure in tires (wear from both parties of a protector)

Wrong disorder of wheels (Odnovtoronny wear)

Sharp manner of performance of turns

Neglect performance of rotation of wheels

Measure and modify pressure

Will make repair or replacement of components of the bridge or a suspension bracket

Reduce speed on turns

Make rotation of wheels

Istrepyvaniye of drawing edges

Face wear

Wrong convergence of wheels

Adjust convergence

Central wear

Tires are pumped over

Neglect performance of rotation of wheels

Measure and modify pressure

Make rotation of wheels

Non-uniform wear

Wrong disorder or corner of a longitudinal inclination of an axis of turn (выбег) wheels

The suspension bracket is faulty

Neotbalansirovano wheel

Ovality of a brake drum

Neglect performance of rotation of wheels

Make repair or replacement of components of the bridge or a suspension bracket

Make repair or replacement of its components

With Otbalansiruyte or replace a wheel

Pierce or replace a drum

Make rotation of wheels








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